Friday, 22 September 2017

Things in the library 22 Sept...

Things to eat...
Enjoy fantastic food at great prices during Dine Sheffield. Starting Thursday, 21 September, foodie’s can sample the cuisine of almost 50 restaurants and cafes throughout the city centre. Participating restaurants include established favourites, independent eateries and unique cafes. Diners will enjoy menus created especially for the week at a cost of either £5, £10 or £15.
The restaurants taking part include Marco’s Italian by Marco Pierre White, gourmet brasserie Browns and meat lover’s paradise Smoke Barbecue. They are joined by some of the city centre’s favourite restaurants and cafes such as tapas restaurant and bar Cubana, popular Indian restaurant Aagrah, new kid on the block Firepit BBQ, El Paso and Silversmiths.

Things about split families...
This article studies shared physical custody in Sweden, the country in the world where the phenomenon is most prevalent. They ask whether children in shared physical custody settings are more likely to report high levels of stress compared to children living in sole custody. The analysis is based on data with combined information from parents, children, and administrative registers. The models are controlled control for interparental as well as parent–child relationship quality and parents’ income. The results show that children sharing residence equally have lower likelihood of experiencing high levels of stress. The results can be interpreted as evidence for a positive effect of continuing everyday-like parental relationships after a family dissolution.

Things about Pediatric tracheotomy...
In this retrospective study, to assess outcomes of pediatric tracheotomy and duration of associated hospital stay according to indications, subjects were 142 consecutive pediatric patients (<18 years old) who underwent tracheotomy at a tertiary referral medical center, National Taiwan University Hospital, in 1997–2012. Age, sex, indications, pre-operative status (oxygen demand, number of repeated intubations), and post-operative status (duration of weaning, length of hospital stay, mortality) were analyzed. They conclude that outcomes of pediatric tracheotomy and duration of hospitalization depend on indications. Children with craniofacial anomalies had earlier tracheotomy age and longer mechanical ventilation before tracheotomy resulted in longer hospitalization. Earlier tracheotomy can shorten the duration of post-tracheotomy mechanical ventilation in several conditions.

Things about antibiotics...
A report, "Antibacterial agents in clinical development – an analysis of the antibacterial clinical development pipeline, including tuberculosis", launched this week by WHO shows a serious lack of new antibiotics under development to combat the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance.
Most of the drugs currently in the clinical pipeline are modifications of existing classes of antibiotics and are only short-term solutions. The report found very few potential treatment options for those antibiotic-resistant infections identified by WHO as posing the greatest threat to health, including drug-resistant tuberculosis which kills around 250 000 people each year.
"Antimicrobial resistance is a global health emergency that will seriously jeopardize progress in modern medicine," says Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO. "There is an urgent need for more investment in research and development for antibiotic-resistant infections including TB, otherwise we will be forced back to a time when people feared common infections and risked their lives from minor surgery."
In addition to multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, WHO has identified 12 classes of priority pathogens – some of them causing common infections such as pneumonia or urinary tract infections – that are increasingly resistant to existing antibiotics and urgently in need of new treatments.

Things about birthweight...
An e-pub this week in Acta Paediatrica looks at "Outcomes of infants with a birthweight less than or equal to 500 g in Northern England: 15 years experience" . They aimed to evaluate mortality and short-term neonatal morbidity of babies born ≤500 g cared for in the Northern Neonatal Network over a 15-year period.
They say "In conclusion, we have shown that survival to a year in babies born weighing ≤500 g and ≥22 weeks over the past 15 years is poor. This could be due to a combination of attitudes towards resuscitation and intensive care, or the intrinsic nature of these tiny babies. Manufacturers of equipment and devices should attempt to further miniaturise their products for neonatal intensive care so  that optimal monitoring and management can be offered to this exceptionally vulnerable group of babies, and survival can perhaps be improved."

Things we have achieved...
The University of Sheffield has recognised the work our staff did to make such a success of our 'Book a Librarian' campaign this year and is rewarding us with lunch. This means we will be closed from 12:00 to 14:00 on Wed 27th Sept. Apologies for any inconvenience - when we reopen we will be staying open to the normal 19:00...but we might need a bit of a snooze during the afternoon please don't ask us anything too difficult!

Food for students...
Whether it is trying to walk 'the wrong way' past the hospital against the flow of freshers...or whether your own youngsters have flown the can't help but notice that the student term has begun again. So if you are, or know someone who is, a student why not look at these  easy recipes... more exciting than beans on toast....but with simple instructions and videos for the non-cook ..and why not try some yourself too. Here is a great simple tomato sauce

Friday, 15 September 2017

Things in the library 15th Sept...

Things for sale...
Book sale @Illingworth Library
We now have on sale some old editions of books which we have replaced with newer stock. Please note that books are sold on a first-come, first-served basis and cannot be reserved, however special arrangements may be arranged for SCH staff who are not based at the Western Bank site.
If you are interested in purchasing any items please come to the Illingworth Library, F Floor, Stephenson Wing, and ask at the counter.
If you would like to see a list of the items available please email us.
Payment may be made in cash /cheque or arrangements can be made to pay by card if over a £5.00 minimum charge  - card payments will be processed via the general office between 9.00am and 4.30pm (closed for lunch 12.30-1.30pm)
Please note that no book sales will be possible within 30 minutes of our closing times.
Our opening hours are: Mon - Thurs 8:45 until 19:00 and Friday 8:45 until 17:00

Things about childhood...
The Good Childhood Report 2017, produced in partnership with the University of York, is the sixth in a series of annual reports published by The Children’s Society about how children in the UK feel about their lives. The report examines the latest trends in well-being over time, explanations for gender patterns in well-being, and insights into how multiple experiences of disadvantage are linked to children’s well-being.
The latest report shows that young people’s happiness is at its lowest since 2010. Fear of crime, living in a family struggling to pay the bills and not having enough emotional support at home are just some of the serious problems that leave teenagers more likely to be unhappy. Teenagers with more than seven serious problems in their life are ten times more likely to feel unhappy than those with none.

Things about health and work in degree courses...
A study mapping the coverage of health and work topics in healthcare and business degree courses.
The study mapped the coverage of six core health and work topics in a selection of business, healthcare and social work courses in England. This included examining:

  • Perceptions among course leaders on the importance of health & work topics for particular healthcare and business occupations;
  • The extent to which health and work was included in course objectives and curricula;
  • How health and work topics are assessed; and
  • Factors influencing the teaching of health and work.

The healthcare courses examined in the study included undergraduate career-entry provision for medicine, dentistry, nursing, allied health professionals (AHP) and social work. The business courses examined in the study included both undergraduate and postgraduate courses, with a particular focus on Masters of Business Administration (MBA) courses.

Things about constipation...
AIM: Childhood constipation is common. We evaluated children diagnosed with constipation, who were referred to an Icelandic paediatric emergency department, and determined the effect of lifestyle factors on its aetiology.
METHODS: The parents of children who were diagnosed with constipation and participated in a phase IIB clinical trial on laxative suppositories answered an online questionnaire about their children's lifestyle and constipation in March-April 2013. The parents of non-constipated children that visited the paediatric department of Landspitali University Hospital or an Icelandic outpatient clinic answered the same questionnaire.
RESULTS: We analysed responses regarding 190 children aged 1-18 years: 60 with constipation and 130 without. We found that 40% of the constipated children had recurrent symptoms, 27% had to seek medical attention more than once and 33% received medication per rectum. The 47/130 control group subjects aged 10-18 were much more likely to exercise more than three times a week (72%) and for more than a hour (62%) than the 26/60 constipated children of the same age (42% and 35%, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Constipation risk factors varied with age and many children diagnosed with constipation had recurrent symptoms. Physical activity may affect the likelihood of developing constipation in older children. 

Things about neonatal sleep...
A recent article about sleep/wake patterns in neonates in Sleep journal 'Neonatal sleep-wake analyses predict 18-month neurodevelopmental outcomes'
The neurological examination of critically ill neonates is largely limited to reflexive behavior. The exam often ignores sleep-wake physiology that may reflect brain integrity and influence long-term outcomes. We assessed whether polysomnography and concurrent cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) might improve prediction of 18-month neurodevelopmental outcomes.
Term newborns with suspected seizures underwent standardized neurologic examinations to generate Thompson scores, and had 12-hour bedside polysomnography with concurrent cerebral NIRS. For each infant, the distribution of sleep-wake stages and electroencephalogram delta power were computed. NIRS-derived fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) was calculated across sleep-wake stages. At age 18–22 months, surviving subjects were evaluated with Bayley Scales of Infant Development (Bayley-III), 3rd edition.
Twenty-nine subjects completed the Bayley-III. Increased newborn time in quiet sleep predicted worse 18-month cognitive and motor scores (robust regression models, adjusted r2=0.22, p=0.007, and 0.27, 0.004, respectively). Decreased 0.5–2 Hz EEG power during quiet sleep predicted worse 18-month language and motor scores (adjusted r2=0.25, p=0.0005, and 0.33, 0.001, respectively). Predictive value remained significant after adjustment for neonatal Thompson scores or exposure to phenobarbital. Similarly, an attenuated difference in FTOE, between neonatal wakefulness and quiet sleep, predicted worse 18-month cognitive, language, and motor scores in adjusted analyses (each p<0.05).
These prospective, longitudinal data suggest that inefficient neonatal sleep – as quantified by increased time in quiet sleep, lower electroencephalogram delta power during that stage, and muted differences in FTOE between quiet sleep and wakefulness – may improve prediction of adverse long-term outcomes for newborns with neurological dysfunction.

Things to attend in Sheffield...
Off the shelf  7- 28th October 2017
Now in its 26th year, the 2017 programme includes an array of international, national and local talent who represent diverse, exciting and thought provoking interpretations of the written and spoken word.
The roll call of guests includes; Lee Child, Robert Webb, Brian Blessed, Mark Haddon, George Monbiot, Robert McCrum, Laurie Penny, Stephen McGann, Tariq Ali, Harriet Harman, Hollie McNish, Philip Kerr,  Sunjeev Sahota, Clinton Woods, Michael Rosen, Kate Summerscale, Simon Jenkins, Melvyn Bragg, Jenni Murray, Henry Blofeld, Chris Difford, Tim Dowling, John O’Farrell, Peggy Seeger and many more.
Have a look at the brochure and visit the new website at where you will find easy links to the box office to make your bookings.

Things to do with a butternut squash...
I had a comedy accident with a large butternut squash this week (details on request) so to get my own back on the squash family I thought I would share one of my very favourite recipes of all time 'Butternut squash & sage risotto' careful! It put me in mind of this famous and still very funny Hoffnung sketch - though no wheelbarrows were involved in my incident.

Friday, 8 September 2017

Things in the library 8 Sept

Things at risk... Patient safety
As the NHS faces up to another tough winter, NHS Providers, the organisation that represents 97% of  hospital, mental health, community and ambulance service trusts in England, is calling for an immediate emergency cash injection of between £200 and £350 million to enable the NHS to manage patient safety risk this winter.
In a new report published today, NHS Providers gives its latest assessment of the state of play on planning for what is currently heading for a worse winter than last year – widely regarded as the worst winter for the NHS in recent times.

Things to help life sciences...
Industry proposals to help the UK’s life sciences sector become an international benchmark for success were unveiled this month. The report, written by Life Science’s Champion Professor Sir John Bell, provides recommendations to government on the long term success of the life sciences sector. It was written in collaboration with industry, academia, charity, and research organisations.
The report is organised into 7 themes:

  • Health Advanced Research Programme (HARP) proposal
  • reinforcing the UK science offer
  • growth and infrastructure
  • NHS collaboration
  • data
  • skills
  • regulation
Little known things...
University hospitals play a crucial role in the NHS, delivering high-quality acute care, training the doctors and health professionals of tomorrow and conducting groundbreaking clinical research. 

The five key themes of the Life Sciences Industrial Strategy – science, growth, NHS, data and skills – find their home in university hospitals. Having the right combination of specialist personnel and research infrastructure has made these Trusts the ideal partners for industry. 

The NHS Confederation have been working with the Association of UK University Hospitals to set out the vital role and contribution they make. 
You can see the document here.

Things to support NHS clinical genetics and genomics services
In October 2016 an evidence session explored whether and how the National Data Guardian (NDG) might help to address concerns about the legitimacy of genomic data sharing within the NHS for direct care and routine service delivery. This paper published in August 2017, describes the key issues emerging from the evidence session and further discussions with others stakeholders. Dr Mark Taylor, a member of the NDG panel, has also authored an article about this work.

Things to attend..
Reform strategies for the NHS: effective or cosmetic cladding? This is the title of the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health's seventh ScHARR Pemberton Lecture which will take place on Wednesday 27 September 2017 at 5.15pm at Lecture Theatre 1, The Diamond.
In this lecture, Jennifer Dixon, chief executive of the Health Foundation,  draws on her experience from academe, medicine, policy analysis, and the wide portfolio of activities by the Health Foundation to prompt discussion on how progress in the NHS might be optimised.

Things to eat on a budget
I discovered the BBC has a collection of recipes for students on a budget. Very useful for my daughter who I have just taken back to Leeds College of Art.  Since she is vegetarian I have chosen a suitable dish. (Sarah)

These cheap and cheerful paneer pancakes take just 20 minutes to plate up and make an iron-rich veggie meal for two. Spoon on mango chutney and enjoy.

Friday, 1 September 2017

Things in the library 1st Sept...

Things turning orange and yellow...
As today is the first day of Autumn (my favourite season) I thought I would remind you of some of the regular things which take place in or near the library. Our recently started Reading Group is continuing to flourish and will be meeting this week on Wed 6th Sept 17:15 for about an hour. This month we are discussing 'Lion' - do come along and join us, we are an informal and friendly group - drinks and nibbles provided.  There is reading of a different sort in Journal Club with muffins - the next meeting is on Thursday 7 September, 8am to 9am, in the Education and Skills Centre, F Floor, Stephenson Wing. Presenter:​ Charlie Elder Paper:​ Predicting risk of serious bacterial infections in febrile children in the Emergency Department. All SCH staff welcome.

Things to promote early child development...
A recent review article looked at evidence for health and nutrition interventions affecting direct measures of early child development. Sixty systematic reviews contained the outcomes of interest. Various interventions reduced morbidity and improved child growth, but few had direct measures of child development. Of particular benefit were food and micronutrient supplementation for mothers to reduce the risk of small for gestational age and iodine deficiency, strategies to reduce iron deficiency anemia in infancy, and early neonatal care (appropriate resuscitation, delayed cord clamping, and Kangaroo Mother Care). Neuroprotective interventions for imminent preterm birth showed the largest effect sizes (antenatal corticosteroids for developmental delay: risk ratio 0.49, 95% confidence interval 0.24 to 1.00; magnesium sulfate for gross motor dysfunction: risk ratio 0.61, 95% confidence interval 0.44 to 0.85). findings should guide the prioritization and scale-up of interventions within critical periods of early infancy and childhood, and encourage research into their implementation at scale.

Things about a new challenge...

A new term doesn't just have to be for the children - if you or someone you know has never been to University but might like to... then the University of Sheffield run a Discover course that might be of interest. Discover is a FREE award winning short course, designed to inspire adults who haven’t been to university to progress with their learning. It focuses on themes that link into the subjects offered by the Department for Lifelong Learning. You can express an interest for the coming 2017-18 sessions here.
The course gives a real flavour of the University experience, giving participants a chance to take part in a range of small group activities and discussions. It also provides vital information, advice and guidance such as how to apply to university and how to finance your studies.
What makes the course innovative – and award-winning - is that the sessions feature discussion stimulated by ‘objects’ – objects that may be of personal significance to participants, or objects that form part of the Museums vast store of treasures from around the world.
There are no formal entry requirements, but please note that:

  • participants for whom English is their second language must be able to speak and write the language to at least ESOL Level 2
  • participants who have already gained a degree are not eligible for this course.

Things about bonding...

The Through Each Other’s Eyes (TEOE) programme was a one-year programme operating in the local authority of Haringey from March 2016 to April 2017. The TEOE programme sought to promote infants’ social and emotional development using video interaction guidance (VIG) with families. Through VIG, parents are given increased opportunities to observe and reflect on video recordings of their positive interactions with their child. The overall aim of the programme was to support parents to bond with their baby. This report describes the evaluation of a service development project in its implementation of a VIG programme in Haringey and makes a preliminary assessment of the programme’s feasibility and acceptability for use with families living in the borough who have infants of 12 months or younger. Results from the preliminary outcomes and process evaluations show that VIG has benefits for parents, practitioners and managers within early years servi

Some of my favourite foods...
I love roasted peppers and goats cheese so this will be appearing on my table sometime soon and they fit nicely into the Autumn colours theme!

Friday, 25 August 2017

Things in the library 25 August...

Things newly published...
The Lancet has just launched a new journal 'The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health' you can keep abreast of the articles by signing up for their email alerts or you can sign up for our Paediatric medicine e-prompt service which will include this journal along with others that we monitor. We have e-prompts on many specialist subjects and anyone can sign up to receive them.

Things about obesity...
The Department of Health has announced £5 million of funding for a new obesity policy research unit at University College London. One year on from the launch of the childhood obesity plan, the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Obesity Policy Research Unit has been set up to provide resource for long term research into childhood obesity. It will give independent advice to policy makers and analysts, and develop understanding on the causes of childhood obesity, looking at social inequalities, the early years of childhood, and marketing to children and families. It will also help to evaluate action that has been taken so far, to make sure the plan works for those who need it most. In addition, the government tasked Public Health England (PHE) to look at why children are eating too many calories.

Things about allergy growth and nutrition...
A letter in pediatric Allergy and Immunology discusses 'Striking the balance between primary prevention of allergic disease and optimal infant growth and nutrition. '
The timing of introduction of solids and/or complementary feeds continues to be an area of intense interest with respect to allergy prevention and general optimal infant nutrition. There is recent evidence from RCTs and a meta-analysis, that the earlier introduction of peanut (between 4 and 11 months) and egg (between 4 and 6 months), in infants at higher risk of allergic disease, may be beneficial. However, concerns have been raised over the impact this may have on duration of breastfeeding, nutrition and growth, when a high protein and calorie-containing food, such as egg or peanut, is introduced. Duration of breast feeding appears to have little impact on development of allergic disease, but is important for protection against overweight and obesity, diabetes and childhood infections (particularly in resource poor settings). Read the full letter here

Things about mental health...
The Royal Colleges of GPs (RCGP), Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), and Psychiatrists (RCPsych) have committed to five shared principles that they hope will lead to tangible actions to improve the care and support of children and young people (CYP) with mental health problems.
Following the development of the joint principles, the three Colleges have committed to a number of ongoing actions. These include ensuring the highest quality training and standards in CYP mental health; supporting the development of evidence based models of care that are focused on integration of care; and calling for greater investment and resources to be focused on developing services in CYP friendly settings that promote early intervention and resilience.

Things about patient flow...
Technology to track beds, equipment, staff and patients through a hospital has been used in the USA for years, with positive effect, and now there is growing interest in employing it in the NHS. Sophie Castle-Clarke (Nuffield Trust) joined a group of NHS leaders to look at how this technology has made a difference to flow and operational management in two different health care organisations in Florida. The results are impressive, although significant transformation is needed to realise the benefits.

Things about tobacco...
Several Member States in the WHO European Region are moving towards becoming tobacco-free: a smoking prevalence of 5% or less. Emphasis, in particular, is on protecting younger generations from smoking initiation and other tobacco-related harm. Protecting children from tobacco in the Region is essential, not only because smoking initiation is a key component of an important public health crisis, but also because Member States are responsible for supporting various children’s rights. This report highlights ongoing and emerging tobacco-related issues that affect children in the Region and examines the regulatory frameworks, commitments and other tools that Member States should use to protect children from tobacco. This also includes more novel approaches that could – and should – be used to pave the way towards a tobacco-free European Region.

Things about brisk walking...
You will have heard in the news this week about the added health benefits of a 10 min brisk walk...this was an update in 'Everybody active, every day: a framework to embed physical activity into daily life' first published in 2014. You can read all the evidence and associated documents from links on this page 

Things gluten-free...
(C) Gill Kaye 2017
We had our annual big family reunion picnic last Sunday at the lovely Charlecote Park (equidistant between Tunbridge Wells, Marlborough, Grantham, Stafford and Sheffield...the relations who live in Warwick had the quickest journey!). As one of my food contributions I made a sun-dried tomato 'bread' which was much appreciated by everyone - not just those GF.

Friday, 18 August 2017

Things in the library 18 August...

Things about epilepsy...
A review published this month 'The Immune System in Pediatric Seizures and Epilepsies' aims  to present current knowledge of the role of immunity in relation to seizures, with a particular emphasis on clinical data available in childhood. More specifically, various autoantibodies involved in autoimmune encephalitis and epilepsy and general pathophysiological hypotheses on the role of immunity in seizure genesis are discussed, specific epilepsy syndromes in which autoimmune components have been studied are summarized, workup recommendations and therapeutic options are suggested, and finally, open questions and future needs are presented. The full text of this article is available to you via your NHS OpenAthens login (if you don't have an login register here for free).

Things about NEC...
A recent article 'Reducing Incidence of Necrotizing Enterocolitis' reports the following key points.

  • Own mother’s milk (OMM) is associated with reduced odds of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in observational studies, and quality improvement (QI) efforts to increase OMM have been successful at decreasing NEC.
  • Donor milk (DM) has also been associated with NEC reduction when OMM is unavailable, although DM has not been associated with other health benefits as seen with OMM feedings in preterm infants.
  • Institution of standardized feeding guidelines has been associated with reduced NEC rates, although the optimal rates of advancement and fortification are uncertain. Prolonged periods of nothing by mouth are associated with increased rates and severity of NEC and thus enteral feedings should be instituted soon after birth.
  • Acid antagonists and prolonged empiric antibiotics in the setting of negative cultures are associated with increased odds of NEC, and both should be minimized or avoided if possible.
  • Probiotics have been associated with reduced NEC in some, but not all, studies. Meta-analyses demonstrate reduction in NEC. At present, however, there remains controversy about probiotics due to concerns regarding quality and reliability of available products.
  • Anemia and blood transfusions have been linked to NEC. Controversy remains regarding these relationships and best practices regarding enteral feeding during blood transfusions.

Things about dairy intake and blood pressure...
An article published in Journal of American Heart Association has looked at the relationship between dairy intake and blood pressure in black and white children and adolescents enrolled in a weight management program.
What Is New?

  • We observed racial differences for the effects of dairy intake on systolic blood pressure (BP) in a cohort of children and teens enrolled in a weight management program.
  • Greater intakes of dairy were associated with lower systolic BP in white but not black children and teens, suggesting that greater dairy intake alone is not beneficial for all races regarding systolic BP.

What Are the Clinical Implications?

  • Nutrition professionals should assess the quality of the overall dietary pattern, as opposed to single nutrients, when providing recommendations to lower BP in the overweight and obese childhood and adolescent population.
  • Nutrition and medical professionals must consider non-nutrition factors contributing to childhood hypertension and other cardiovascular disease risk factors, as current dietary recommendations appear to have differential outcomes across races in this cohort of children and teens.
  • To prevent or manage high BP in children and teens, nutrition and medical professionals should use a strong evidence base and work collaboratively to design patient‐focused nutrition interventions taking into account age, sex, and race.

Things coming soon...
Going Public: International Art Collectors in Sheffield continues at the Graves Gallery this autumn with one of the UK’s finest private collections of modern and contemporary art.
Bridget Riley, Red Overture, 2012 © Bridget Riley, 2017
Reflecting a passion for photography, minimalism and geometric abstraction, Jack Kirkland’s personal collection brings together work by some of the most important artists of the past 75 years.
This new exhibition showcases personally selected highlights from the collection, including painting, sculpture, works on paper and photography by Carl Andre, Donald Judd, Josef Albers, Anni Albers, Bridget Riley, Lewis Baltz and more.
Saturday 2 September 2017 - Saturday 2 December 2017

Things about health outcomes...
The Local Government Association has published  a report 'Partnership approaches to improving health outcomes for young people' - the case studies in this report showcase different approaches to supporting the health of young people. Whilst the approach and focus of the work in local areas varies, each case study provides an opportunity to reflect on what made the initiative a success and how we might use this learning in our own areas.

Things to bake...
One of my favourite food bloggers is Clotildel and her blog is called 'Chocolate & Zucchini' it occurs to me that any gardeners out there may be looking at a glut of courgettes (zucchini) at the moment and need inspiration on how to use here is a cake to come to your rescue 'Chocolate and zucchini cake'

Friday, 11 August 2017

Things in the library 11 August...

Things about case reviews...
If you want to access old safeguarding case reviews then you may be interested to know that the NSPCC and the Association of Independent LSCB Chairs have worked together to create the national case review repository to make it easier to access and share learning at a local, regional and national level. If you click on one of the titles listed you will see a summary of the case and a link to the full report.

and also...
Brighton & Hove Local Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB) has published the report of the serious case review (SCR) into the deaths of two brothers W’ and ‘X,’ in Syria in 2014 when they were aged 17 and 18. The siblings received services from local agencies in the Brighton & Hove area before leaving the UK. The SCR evaluates multi-agency responses to vulnerable young people at risk of exploitation through radicalisation. Key issues identified include: safeguarding adolescents involved in risky behaviour and intervening with families who have suffered long-standing trauma and whose previous experience of intervention was not perceived positively.

More things from NSPCC....
They have a section of their website devoted to their evaluation and research on what works to protect children from abuse and neglect. Split into sections: child abuse, looked after children, early years, families facing adversity, support for professionals.

Things about cerebral palsy...
Although it is estimated that half of all children with cerebral palsy also have comorbid intellectual disability, the domains of quality of life (QOL) important for these children are not well understood. The aim of this study was to identify important domains of QOL for these children and adolescents.
Results: The 11 domains identified as important to QOL were physical health, body comfort, behaviour and emotion, communication, predictability and routine, movement and physical activity, nature and outdoors, variety of activity, independence and autonomy, social connectedness, and access to services.

Things about health service use from infant to adult...
Late-preterm infants born at 34 to 36 weeks' gestation have increased risks of various health problems. Health service utilization (HSU) of late-preterm infants has not been systematically summarized before. this meta analysis aims to summarize the published literature on short- and long-term HSU by late-preterm infants versus term infants from infancy to adulthood after initial discharge from the hospital. It concludes that late-preterm infants had higher risks for all-cause admissions as well as for various cause-specific HSU during the neonatal period through adolescence.

Simple biscuits...
If you are stuck inside in this horrible weather and running short of things to do with the children then baking these simple biscuits is always a good stand-by...and then perhaps you could then have a mad-hatters tea party