Friday, 19 January 2018

Things in the library 19th Jan...

Things about 15 year-olds...

Public Health England have released further analysis about the wellbeing of 15 year-olds from the 'What about YOUth' survey in 2014. the key findings are;

  • young people who engaged in behaviour which might harm their health such as drinking and smoking, having poor diet or exercising rarely, or who had negative feelings towards their body size reported lower wellbeing than those who did not 
  • self-reported wellbeing varied depending on the relative affluence or deprivation of the family, with those whose families were in more affluent groups and living in the least deprived areas reporting higher average wellbeing 
  • young people who stated that they had a disability, long-term illness or medical condition reported lower wellbeing than those who did not 
  • young people who described their sexual orientation as gay, lesbian, bisexual or ‘other’ were more likely to have lower wellbeing than those who declared themselves heterosexual. On average these young people also reported lower life satisfaction and happiness, and higher anxiety

Things about obesity...
The Government has published its response to the House of Commons Health Select Committee report on Childhood obesity

Things about ADHD and substance use...
Frequent Substance Use (SU) for young adults with childhood ADHD is accompanied by greater initial exposure at a young age and slightly faster progression. Early SU prevention and screening is critical before escalation to intractable levels. This is the conclusion from a longitudinal study published recently in J Child Psychology & Psychiatry

Things about chronic illness...
An article in Journal of Pediatric Nursing considers the 'School Experiences of Siblings of Children with Chronic Illness' - a systematic literature review. It concludes that: 
Many siblings are socially resilient, yet overlooked, members of the family who may present with psychological, academic and peer related difficulties at school following diagnosis of a brother or sister with chronic illness.

Things to attend...

A one off, not to be missed opportunity to hear British journalist, author and presenter of BBC’s Today Programme, Nick Robinson, share stories about his career as a broadcaster and his personal battle to regain his voice following lung cancer. Nick will be joined by his Speech and Language Therapist Julia Selby, an alumni of TUoS. Together they will provide a unique insight into how they worked to get his voice back in shape and ready to go ‘on air’ following months of illness and discuss the long term impact of voice therapy. There will be a drinks reception following the event with an opportunity to meet Nick and Julia. Tickets for the event are priced at £15 and proceeds will be donated to the Macmillan Cancer Support

and also...
The 20th Sir Arthur Hall Memorial Lecture: What will the NHS be facing on its 90th birthday?
by Professor Chris Whitty CBE FMedSi, Chief Scientific Adviser, Department of Health 
This open event is in the Students' Union Building, The University of Sheffield, at 6pm on Thursday, 15 February 2018.
This year the NHS celebrates its 70th birthday. There have been significant changes in health and medicine in the UK over the last two decades, and in many areas of healthcare very substantial changes since the initial foundation of the NHS in 1948. These include major reductions in the impact of heart disease and stroke, large changes to infectious diseases and many improvements in the prevention and treatment of cancers. In some areas such as diabetes or antimicrobial resistance things are moving in the wrong direction. The demography of the UK has changed and is changing. Many of the trends have been remarkably stable so it is possible realistically to project forward 20 years in many areas of medicine and public health. This helps with planning research and policy. The 2018 Sir Arthur Hall lecture will consider where we have come from and where we are going over the next two decades in health and medicine.

Things hairy...
I am enjoying watching the Hairy Bikers latest series on TV and last week made the Sardinian lamb with fennel which was beautiful, tender and tasty.

Friday, 12 January 2018

Things in the library 12th January

Artificially intelligent things..

A new report from Reform illustrates the areas where artificial intelligence (AI) could help the NHS become more efficient and deliver better outcomes for patients.  It also highlights the main barriers to the implementation of this technology and suggests some potential solutions.

AI could support the delivery of the NHS’s Five Year Forward View, which aims to narrow three gaps in health provision. AI could help address the health and wellbeing gap by predicting which individuals or groups of individuals are at risk of illness and allow the NHS to target treatment more effectively towards them. The reduction of the care and quality gap could be supported by AI tools as they can give all health professionals and patients access to cutting edge diagnostics and treatment tailored to individual need. AI could help address the efficiency and funding gap by automating tasks, triaging patients to the most appropriate services and allowing them to self-care.

things facing a ban..
The NHS is taking action on sugar, with almost two thirds of NHS trusts now signed up to a voluntary scheme to reduce sales of sugary drinks to 10 per cent or less of sold beverages.  Hospitals and suppliers have been warned that if they don’t take action to reduce sales of sugary drinks by the end of March 2018, a ban will be introduced in 2018 instead.
Simon Stevens, chief executive of NHS England, said: “It’s important the NHS practices what it preaches on healthy food and drink. We want 2018 to be the year when the tasty, affordable and easy option for patients, staff and visitors is the healthy option". NHS England’s voluntary sugary drinks reduction scheme covers sugary soft drinks, milkshakes and hot drinks with added sugar syrups.

accountable things..

An Accountable Care Organisation (ACO) is a model of healthcare organisation where a provider, or group of providers, takes responsibility for the healthcare provision of an entire population. There is no fixed definition of an ACO, but the organisation usually receives an annual, capitated budget to deliver contractually agreed health outcomes. In July 2017, NHS England announced eight areas which would become Accountable Care Systems (precursors to ACOs).

A new Commons Library briefing paper looks at the introduction of Accountable Care Organisations (ACOs) in the NHS in England, the development of the ACO policy, and comment on its potential impact.

things to attend...

Utility Data for Health Technology Assessment 
Monday, 12th - Tuesday, 13th March 2018. 
Early Bird Fee for confirmed bookings received on or before Sunday, 14th January 2018
This course outlines the practical requirements of measuring utility and obtaining utility data for health technology assessment for agencies such as NICE and explores recent research in utilities including EQ-5D-5L valuation, measuring subjective well-being and condition specific preference-based measures.

Course content:

  • What are the key issues in obtaining health state utility values?
  • Does it matter which instruments are used?
  • What is the current NICE reference case and requirements in other jurisdictions?
  • When are EQ-5D and other generic measures not appropriate?
  • What utility instruments are available for children?
  • What are the latest development in EQ-5D including EQ-5D-5L valuation?
  • What should be done when EQ-5D and other generics are not appropriate or not available?
  • How can mapping be used to estimate utility values from disease specific measures?
  • Social value QALY weights
  • How do you search for utility values and what is the role of systematic reviews and meta-analysis of utility values?
  • How should utility values be incorporated into cost effectiveness models?
  • What is the role for wellbeing within HTA?
  • The development of condition specific measures (including the ReQol for mental health).

things to eat in January 
Veganuary is a charity inspiring people to try vegan for January and throughout the rest of the year.

The veganuary website has an amazing selection of recipes that will appeal to you whether you are vegan or not! They include British, American, Indian, Greek, Japanese, French cuisine, healthy recipes, quick recipes and many more. Here is just one example:

One-Pot Linguine with Olives, Capers and Sun-Dried Tomatoes

Friday, 5 January 2018

Things in the library 5th Jan...

Happy New Year to you all from Sarah, Gill & Kate

Things about our new service for the New Year...
Keeping up-to-date with all the information published in your speciality can seem daunting and over whelming. Take advantage of our new
  e-promptXtra service to help you filter what you need and access it in ways that suit you. Book a free 1:1 session - or a session for your team - with a library professional to discuss ways to access current information and manage it successfully. More information can be found on our website with a link to a booking form - or contact the library.

Things to read...
The next Reading Group is on Wed 7th Feb at 17:15 when we will be discussing 'Cider House Rules' by John Irving. Set in rural Maine in the first half of this century, it tells the story of Dr. Wilbur Larch--saint and obstetrician, founder and director of the orphanage in the town of St. Cloud's, ether addict and abortionist. It is also the story of Dr. Larch's favourite orphan, Homer Wells, who is never adopted. 'The reason Homer Wells kept his name was that he came back to St Cloud's so many times, after so many failed foster homes, that the orphanage was forced to acknowledge Homer's intention to make St Cloud's his home.' Homer Wells' odyssey begins among the apple orchards of rural Maine. As the oldest un-adopted child at St Cloud's orphanage, he strikes up a profound and unusual friendship with Wilbur Larch, the orphanage's founder - a man of rare compassion and an addiction to ether. What he learns from Wilbur takes him from his early apprenticeship in the orphanage surgery, to an adult life running a cider-making factory and a strange relationship with the wife of his closest friend...

Things about food...
This narrative review describes research from the past 10 years focused on food preference learning from the prenatal period through early childhood (ages 2-5 years). Exposure to a variety of healthy foods from the start, including during the prenatal period, early milk-feeding and the introduction to complementary foods and beverages, can support subsequent acceptance of those foods. Yet development is plastic, and healthier food preferences can still be promoted after infancy. In early childhood, research supports starting with the simplest strategies, such as repeated exposure and modelling, reserving other strategies for use when needed to motivate the initial tasting necessary for repeated exposure effects to begin. This review can help caregivers and practitioners to promote the development of healthy food preferences early in life. Specific implementation recommendations, the role of individual differences and next steps for research in this area are also discussed.

Things about sepsis...
Survival from sepsis has improved in recent years, resulting in an increasing number of patients who have survived sepsis treatment. Current sepsis guidelines do not provide guidance on post-hospital care or recovery. This article concludes in the months after hospital discharge for sepsis, management should focus on
(1) identifying new physical, mental, and cognitive problems and referring for appropriate treatment
(2) reviewing and adjusting long-term medications
(3) evaluating for treatable conditions that commonly result in hospitalisation, such as infection, heart failure, renal failure, and aspiration.
For patients with poor or declining health prior to sepsis who experience further deterioration after sepsis, it may be appropriate to focus on palliation of symptoms.

Things that might happen in 2018...
As we approach Twelfth Night here are Twelve Nuffield Trust experts each giving a brief insight into what might happen in health and social care in 2018.

Things to attend and read...
Sam Guglani, the oncologist and author, will be speaking at the next of the Medical Ethics Society’s book clubs on the evening of Monday 22nd January. They will be discussing his latest book, Histories, reviewed here. They hope to have a good mix of students and staff at the club. Sign up for the event.  Feel free to circulate this to whoever might be interested. Everyone is welcome, whether affiliated to the University, Trust or otherwise.

Things about snacking...
In the news this week as Public Health England (PHE) is helping parents take control of their children’s snacking by launching the first Change4Life campaign promoting healthier snacks.
This is because half of children’s sugar intake, currently around 7 sugar cubes a day, comes from unhealthy snacks and sugary drinks, leading to obesity and dental decay. On average, children are consuming at least 3 unhealthy snacks and sugary drinks a day, with around a third consuming 4 or more. The overall result is that children consume 3 times more sugar than is recommended.
The new Change4Life campaign encourages parents to look for ‘100 calorie snacks, two a day max’ to help them purchase healthier snacks than the ones they currently buy.

Things about CAMHS...
A House of Commons Library briefing on children and young people’s mental health policy was published just before Christmas. Children and young people's mental health - policy, CAMHS services, funding and education.

Things about Twelfth Night...
So tonight is Twelfth Night and tomorrow all your Christmas decorations should be down. The University of Sheffield has a free recycling of Christmas trees tomorrow in Arts Tower car park - just turn up between 9am and 3pm. Traditionally in the UK parties would be held and practical jokes hiding live birds under a pie crust as in the nursery rhyme 'Sing a Song of Sixpence'... "when the pie was opened the birds began to sing". In English and French custom, the Twelfth-cake was baked to contain a bean and a pea, so that those who received the slices containing them should be designated king and queen of the night's festivities
The RSC have a current production of   Shakespeare's Twelfth Night which will be broadcast live in local cinemas on 14th Feb - I always enjoy these live theatre/film events.

Things to eat and drink...
Traditionally hot mulled cider would be drunk at Twelfth Night - Wassail - a word of Anglo-Saxon origin. It can be made with apple juice if you prefer.
If you prefer why not have a simple and healthy baked apple dessert you can vary the filling with dried cranberries, nuts etc and serve with yogurt or ice-cream.

Friday, 15 December 2017

Things in the library 15th December...

Christmas greetings to all our readers

Things to eat and drink...
Blog readers (and others) can call into the library next week and enjoy a free mini chocolate roll and some non-alcoholic mulled 'wine' with us (while stocks last) - just come to the counter and ask.

Things about Marmite...
The next journal club will be Thursday 21 December, 8.00 to 9.00 in the Education and Skills Centre, F Floor, Stephenson Wing. Title: Marmite and Migraines: Should we be Recommending Riboflavin as Migraine Prophylaxis in Young People? Contact the library for the papers.

Things about the library closing hours...
Next Thursday 21 Dec the library will be closed during the day as we will be enjoying ourselves stocktaking.....dust...heavy lifting....burn a few calories before Christmas feasting... we are open again on Friday 22nd Dec. 

We are then closed from Dec 25th to Jan 1st and we re-open on Tuesday 2nd Jan at our normal hours of 8:45 to 19:00. As always a 'book returns' box is situated outside the library  when we are closed.

Things coming soon...
New Year, New Resolutions and a New Service...we are launching a new service in January...find out more in the New this space!

Things about organ donation...
The government have launched a consultation about organ and tissue donation. They wants to know what people think about proposed changes in which people are considered willing to be an organ donor after their death, unless they have ‘opted out’. The defining issues of the new system are:

  • how much say families have in their deceased relative’s decision to donate their organs
  • when exemptions to ‘opt-out’ would be needed, and what safeguards would be necessary
  • how a new system might affect certain groups depending on age, disability, race or faith
Things about reading...
A small study was published in Acta Paediatrica this week that compared the time spent using screen-based media or reading books on the functional connectivity of the reading-related brain regions in children aged 8-12. They found that time spent reading was positively correlated with higher functional connectivity between the seed area and left-sided language, visual and cognitive control regions. In contrast, screen time was related to lower connectivity between the seed area and regions related to language and cognitive control. They conclude that: screen time and time spent reading books showed different effects on functional connectivity between the visual word form area and language, visual and cognitive-control regions of the brain. These findings underscore the importance of children reading to support healthy brain development and literacy and limiting screen time. 

Things about breastfeeding...
Offering new mothers financial incentives may significantly increase low breastfeeding rates, new research from the University of Sheffield and the University of Dundee has found. More than 10,000 new mothers across South Yorkshire, Derbyshire and North Nottinghamshire were involved in the ground breaking study which offered shopping vouchers worth up to £120 if their babies received breast milk (breastfeeding or expressed milk) at two days, 10 days and six weeks old. A further £80 of vouchers was available if their babies continued to receive breast milk up to six months. Breastfeeding levels in the UK are some of the lowest in the world – in some areas just 12 per cent of six to eight week-old babies are breastfed. The trial, funded by the National Prevention Research Initiative and Public Health England, saw an increase of six percentage points in the areas where the scheme was offered, compared with those areas where the scheme was not available. Full article in JAMA Pediatrics is available via Open Athens for SCH staff. 

Things about Medical Education...
Coaching has been employed successfully in the competitive sports, professional music, and business and corporate worlds. It is now emerging as a training modality in medical education.This paper reviews the current evidence on coaching strategies for doctors and medical students and identifies strong evidence to support coaching as a method to improve technical skills. There is great scope for further studies investigating the power of coaching in medical students and doctors.

Something Paddington would like...
I love the sound of this Nigel Slater recipe for Marmalade pears with vanilla ice cream (scroll down the page) and hope to try it out over the Festive Season....without getting too sticky! 

This is the last blog of 2017 so we look forward to presenting you with further 'things' in 2018 and hope you all have
a Happy New Year!

Friday, 8 December 2017

Things in the library 8th December..

Things for next year...
We had our Winter Miscellany meeting of the Reading Group this week with festive/wintry poems and extracts along with seasonal fare. We also choose most of what we will be reading next year so here are the dates we will be discussing the books chosen. If you would like to join us we are an informal and friendly group and you would be very welcome...or you might want to read along with us at a distance.
3rd January  
Hogfather by Terry Pratchett

 4th   July  
 The Couple Next Door by Shari Lapena
7th  February 
Cider House Rules by John Irving

1st  August  
 The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel by D.Moggach
7th  March  
 Eyam: plague village (by David Paul - there is another book with same title)

5th   September 
 Catch 22 by Joseph Heller
4th  April 
 Pianist by Wladyslaw Szpilman

3rd   October  
 The Children Act by Ian McEwan
2nd  May 
 Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde

7th   November
 Perhaps a ghost story?
6th  June 
The Museum of Extraordinary Things by Alice Hoffman
5th    December 
Choosing books for the next year

Things about pneumonia...

A recent publication 'Childhood community-acquired pneumonia: A review of etiology- and antimicrobial treatment studies' summarises and critically reflects on the available evidence for the epidemiology, etiology and antimicrobial management of childhood CAP worldwide.

Things about breathing...
A statement has been produced by a European Respiratory Society Task Force to summarise the evidence and current practice on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children aged 1–23 months.

Things about kinship care...
Grandparent’s Plus has published a report on the experiences and outcomes for young people growing up in kinship care, compared with the progress of care leavers and their peers in the general population. Findings from interviews with 53 young people aged 16-26 who had lived in kinship care for at least two years and 43 kinship carers include: outcomes for young people in kinship care were generally better than those for young people in other types of care, but not as good as in the general population; and many carers did not feel well supported at the point that they took on their caring role.

Things about Sheffield...
How well do you know your city? Are you  ever short of attractions to which to take visitors?  Need a Christmas present that is a bit different? You may be interested in a book published this week '111 Places in Sheffield That You Shouldn’t Miss' uncovers the quirkier side of Sheffield and picks out some of the city’s hidden highlights. From its bars, beauty spots and industrial heritage, to the room where the Arctic Monkeys cut their first album, author Michael Glover uncovers the quirkier side of Sheffield and picks out some the city’s hidden highlights.
Glover, an acclaimed art critic, poet and native of Sheffield, was supported by the University of Sheffield and Marketing Sheffield in the researching and writing of the guide book. Sheffield joins the tourist hotspots of York, Liverpool, Bath and Cambridge in being one of the select few UK cities to be featured in the 111 Places series outside London. Can be bought from usual sources and they currently have some copies in Blackwell's bookshop at the University of Sheffield (Jessop West building).

Things about email...
Email is an essential method of communication within academic medical environments and elsewhere. There is a growing body of literature that focuses on provider-to-patient communication in addition to studies examining the intersection of social networking and professionalism. Relatively little research exists, however, regarding the components of professional email interactions or "best practices" for electronic correspondence among colleagues, faculty, and trainees. After reviewing the existing literature the authors of this article"Are You SURE You Want to Send That?" created a practical approach for skillful email construction; the SURE model proposes a simplified framework that teaching institutions can use to improve interdisciplinary interactions and enhance email professionalism.

Things about digital health and care...
This two-day congress provides an established forum for health and care professionals to come together and learn from successful adoptions and practical implementations of digital health and care.
10 - 11 July 2018  The King's Fund, London. Project themes are:

  • Prevention and improving access to care
  • Cross-sector working
  • Care design and delivery

The deadline for submitting projects is Friday 15 December 2017

Things about ADHD...
Adolescents experiencing social anxiety often experience co-occurring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Yet, assessing for social anxiety poses challenges given the already time-consuming task of distinguishing social anxiety from other commonly co-occurring internalizing conditions (e.g., generalized anxiety, major depression). Assessors need short screening devices to identify socially anxious adolescents in need of intensive ADHD assessments. A six-item version of the ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-6) was originally developed to identify adults who likely meet diagnostic criteria for ADHD, but its psychometric properties have yet to be examined among adolescents. The authors of this article 'Validity of Adolescent and Parent Reports on the Six-Item ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-6) in Clinical Assessments of Adolescent Social Anxiety' tested the psychometric properties of the ASRS-6 when administered in clinical assessments for adolescent social anxiety.

Things to eat...
For an easy and comforting meal to make this snowy (probably) weekend how about meatballs and spaghetti - if you make more than you need they freeze well and make a useful meal to have as a standby. You can freeze the sauce and meatballs separately or combined. To freeze together, mix the roasted meatballs into sauce and freeze in portions. Defrost thoroughly overnight in the fridge, then heat in a covered pan until the sauce and meatballs are piping hot.

Stay warm and safe this weekend!

Friday, 1 December 2017

Things in the library 1st Dec...

Things for clinical answers...
We often mention how useful TRIP Databse is for evidence based medicine and it just got even better. They have just announced that DynaMed Plus content has been added to TRIP. Even though our institution does not currently subscribe to DynaMed you will be able to access 10 free 'views' each month. Remember that you need to sign into TRIP and have a current NHSAthens account  or University of Sheffield login to access the PRO features of TRIP without charge.

Things about yoga...
During the 20th century, yoga became increasingly recognised outside India, and over the past decades it has continued to grow in popularity worldwide as a system for promoting health and well-being. While modern yoga often focuses on physical poses and is sometimes thought of as a type of exercise, the practice usually incorporates one or more of the mental or spiritual elements that are traditionally part of yoga, such as relaxation, concentration, or meditation. For this reason, yoga is considered a mind-body exercise. There are currently many different types or schools of yoga, each with a different emphasis on and approach to practice. It is widely thought that some of these yoga practices may help treat or prevent physical or mental illnesses, and improve overall quality of life. There is therefore a need for information on the potential health benefits and harms of yoga.
This Cochrane Library Special Collection of systematic reviews on yoga focuses on reviews evaluating the effectiveness of yoga for improving physical or mental symptoms and quality of life in a range of health conditions. It has been developed to bring the best available evidence on the health-related effects of yoga to the attention of the general public, patients, health professionals, and other decision makers, and to inform choices on the use of yoga to improve health and well-being.

Things about searching for evidence...
If you want a basic introduction to literature searching skills to access online you might be interested in ‘Building the Foundations’  three modules to enable users to assess their current level of skill in literature searching, find out more about the resources available and get started planning a search. The modules are aimed at anyone doing a literature search on a health related topic. They are primarily targeted towards novice searchers or those who would like a refresher.  Each module has a glossary explaining key terminology in further detail.
Module 1 Introduction to searching  
Module 2 Where do I start searching? 
Module 3 How do I start to develop a search strategy? 
A login is not required to access the modules. To by-pass the need to log in, click continue when presented with the sign-in pop-up. If you wish to track your learning along with other modules within e-Learning for Healthcare, you can login with your NHS OpenAthens account.

For more in-depth and personalised training on literature searching then book a free individual 1 hour session with us via our Book a Librarian service.

Things about children in hospitals...
The CQC have published the results of their latest survey (2016), which looks at the experiences of children, young people and their parents and carers attending hospital for treatment as an inpatient or day case. Overall children and young people’s experiences of inpatient and day case care were mostly positive. The majority of children and young people said they were well looked after while in hospital, staff were friendly and that they received answers to their questions. Most parents and carers reported positive experiences for how their child’s pain was managed and for receiving enough information about new medication. For more information on key findings for England, please see the statistical release, which provides the results for all questions and contextual policy information.
The survey results suggest there is scope for improvement in a number of areas, including:
  • Children and young people having enough things to do whilst in hospital
  • Involving children and young people in decision making
  • Being treated on age appropriate wards
These results for NHS Trusts show how trusts performed on individual questions in the survey. The technique used to analyse these results allows the CQC to identify which trusts they can confidently say performed 'better', 'worse' or 'about the same' when compared with other trusts.

Things about perinatal deaths...
The MBRRACE-UK Perinatal Confidential Enquiry Report 2017 has been published this week and focuses on term, singleton, intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deaths. Since the last confidential enquiry into intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related deaths in 1993-1995, overall stillbirth rates have reduced by just over a fifth and neonatal death rates by over a third. Nevertheless the UK rates are still high compared with other European and other high income countries. Whilst term intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deaths account for only a small proportion of extended perinatal mortality rates, improvements in care during labour, delivery and immediately following birth should reduce such cases apart from those that are inevitable. This enquiry focuses on intrapartum-related deaths, specifically those born at term, excluding major congenital anomalies but including those anomalies where the cause of death was felt to be related to the intrapartum period rather than the anomaly. The premise of the enquiry was if a baby was determined to be alive at the onset of labour at term then the expected outcome would be a healthy
infant.  Read the full text

Things about our reading group...
Our last meeting of 2017 is on Wed 6th December...and it's the time to choose what we will read for the next few months. So if you would like to join us do come along to the library at 17:15 for seasonal fare and a chat about books. The book we will be discussing in January is Terry Pratchett's 'Hogfather' perfect Christmas reading.

Thinking about Pratchett reminds me of a quote from one of his books (Judgement Day) which I feel could apply to any conference delegate (as well as wizards) ..."The senior wizards, eyeing the chocolate biscuits on the tray brought in by the tea lady, listened with as much attention as could be expected from wizards momentarily afflicted with chocolate starvation."

So something chocolatey...
These crunchy chocolate and orange biscotti could be made as a gift or enjoyed  with a cup of coffee or more decadently dipped in hot cocoa!

Thursday, 23 November 2017

Things in the library 24 Nov...

Things about IBD...

Family history is the strongest risk factor for developing Crohn’s disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). This research investigated whether the proximity of relationship with the affected relative and concordance for type of IBD modifies the effect of family history on phenotype and disease severity. They concluded that a family history of CD in 1st degree relatives was associated with complicated CD. Family history discordant for type of IBD or in distant relatives did not influence disease phenotype or natural history.

Things about asthma...
It is well established that the healthy bronchial tree contains a microbiome distinct from that of the upper respiratory tract and that the lung microbiome may be dysregulated in individuals with a chronic respiratory disease, such as asthma. In addition, after birth, gut microbes interact with the host tissue, especially with the lymphatic tissue, thereby guaranteeing efficient immune activation. This review focuses on the available literature on the relationships between the gut microbiome, immune function and asthma in childhood, as well as the therapeutic strategies aimed at acting on the modulation of the microbiome. This article is in Immunotherapy journal which isn't one easily available to you as part of your NHS Open Athens resources however we can get most resources for you from other libraries or the British Library - just ask us or fill in a request form.

Things about fat intake in children...
Elevated cholesterol has been linked to cardiovascular disease in adults and preclinical markers of atherosclerosis in children, thus reducing saturated (SFA) and trans-fatty acids (TFA) intake from an early age may help to reduce cholesterol and the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. The aim of this review 'Health effects of saturated and trans-fatty acid intake in children and adolescents: Systematic review and meta-analysis' is to examine the evidence for health effects associated with reducing SFA and TFA intake in free-living children, adolescents and young adults between 2 to 19 years of age. The conclusion is that advice to reduce saturated fatty acids intake of children results in a significant reduction in total and LDL-cholesterol levels as well as diastolic blood pressure without evidence of adverse effects on growth and development. Dietary guidelines for children and adolescents should continue to recommend diets low in saturated fat.

Things about keeping up-to-date...
Through our blog and our weekly bulletin to all SCH staff on a Monday we try to draw your attention to new developments and reports. However for more subject specific information do try out our e-prompt service which will inform you of new publications in your areas of interest. Please remember that articles to which you are alerted are not automatically available to you full text but anything you want to read in more detail you can request from us (as above). Watch out in the New Year for a new service we will be offering.

Things to visit...
I am off to the Christmas market at Wakefield's Hepworth Gallery this weekend which I am told is very good. I love the gallery itself so I am hoping to buy lots of Christmas presents too. Rather tempted by the sound of Rhubarb Gin!

Things to eat...
Did you know this weekend is 'Stir-up Sunday'?  Traditionally this is the day to make your Christmas puddings and mincemeat as it is the last Sunday before Advent - the Christian count-down to Christmas. Everyone in the family takes a turn to stir the pudding mix and each person involved makes a special wish for the year ahead. This can also be the point to add 'silver' coins as it is believed that finding a coin brings good luck. Although we always added coins just before bringing the pudding to the table to make sure that the children were able to find (and not choke) on them! You may not want to make a pudding but mincemeat is very easy for children to make and perhaps give as gifts.